Innovation management is the Concern's prioritized activity aimed at implementing the industry-specific strategy for technology development according to the Program for Innovative Development and Technology Upgrade of Rosatom State Corporation until 2020.
Technology audit data and proposals for top-priority areas of technology development in the Concern were prepared in 2015 as part of the Program for Innovative Development and Technology Upgrade of Rosatom State Corporation until 2030 being developed at the moment.
In 2015, the following changes occurred in the corporate structure: Valery Bezzubtsev, Deputy CEO of the Concern — Director for Technology Development was appointed as the person responsible for the nuclear power industry Innovations Management function. Responsibility for the industry-wide function was submitted to the Concern’s innovative development directorate. Moreover, a division for R&D programs and innovative projects implementation, and a division for intellectual property were established in the Technology Branch Office. The divisions are subordinate to the Director for Technology Development.
Sci-Tech Council is the Concern’s chief expert body for innovative development. Sci-Tech Council Section No. 1 was created in order to speed up consideration of scheduled R&D activities and their results.
According to the Division Strategy until 2030, it is planned to reduce prime cost per kWh (LCOE). The goal may be achieved owing to fulfillment of tasks to shorten construction times, increase the capacity factor, decrease specific operational expenditures, and capital expenditures. The said parameters may be reached owing to implementation of the VVER-TOI innovative project, which successfully stands competition with its major international peers, stipulates NPP operation in a load following mode, and allows for MOX fuel use.
KEY RESULTS OF 2015 AS PART OF BASIC PROJECT COMPLETION FOR DOUBLE VVER-TOI POWER UNIT NPP
At present, engineering development and pre-construction operations are ongoing at the Kursk NPP-2 site — main site of the NPP based on VVER-TOI project; preparation for NPP design and construction is underway at the Smolensk NPP-2.
In February 2015, a package of documents was submitted to Rostekhnadzor to substantiate the safety of power units and obtain licenses for the Kursk NPP-2 power units No. 1 and No. 2 construction.
In March 2015, Rostekhnadzor licenses were issued for emplacement of the Kursk NPP-2 power units No. 1 and No. 2.
A favorable opinion of Russia’s Glavgosekspertiza State Expert Evaluation Department was received in July 2015 in relation to the technological part of the project documentation for the Kursk NPP-2 power units No. 1 and No. 2 construction.
In 2016, it is planned to obtain a license for construction of the Kursk NPP-2 power unit No. 1, a favorable opinion of Russia’s Glavgosekspertiza State Expert Evaluation Department on the reliability of cost estimates for construction of the Kursk NPP-2 power units No. 1 and No. 2, as well as to deploy construction and continue substantiation of safety in order to receive the operation license by 2022.
BN-800 AND BN-1200 FAST BREEDER REACTORS
To date, the Russian nuclear industry has accumulated unique practical experience in creation of fast breeder reactors and their successful operation over a long term. They are expected to enable transition of the nuclear power industry to a closed fuel cycle that will ensure more efficient use of uranium resources and a solution of environmental problems associated with handling spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste. The fast breeder reactor and closed fuel cycle technologies possess a huge innovative potential.
Building of a two-component nuclear power system (NPS) with a closed fuel cycle (CFC) will increase the natural uranium resource use by dozens of times, and decrease the amount of RAW sent for final isolation by more than five times. It is supposed to close the fuel cycle due to evolutionary technologies for upgrade of the existing units, and development of innovative projects for SNF recycling, and construction of a starting series of BN-1200 sodium-cooled fast reactors.
In 2015, R&D activities continued for substantiation of the BN-1200 fast breeder reactor, the engineering design for the BN-1200 reactor core with MOX fuel and main developments on construction and process components of the BN-1200 power unit were completed. Power unit process parameters, including in case of breaches in normal operation, were reviewed.
The activities results were considered by Rosatom State Corporation Sci-Tech Council and approved as prioritized areas of the nuclear power industry. The Council meeting was attended by customers and developer of the sodium-cooled fast reactor — representatives of two task forces: No. 1 — Nuclear Power Units and Nuclear Power Plants, and No. 8 — New Technology Platform of Nuclear Power Industry. The expert committee headed by Nikolay Ponomarev-Stepnoy, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, was comprised of renowned Russian specialists in energy technologies.
In 2015, the Concern continued construction of the first (main) 70 MW floating thermal nuclear power plant (FTNPP) based on the floating power unit (FPU) equipped with two KLT-40S reactors. Pevek, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug was selected as the FTNPP base. The FTNPP is to be put into operation in 2019.
Completion of the floating power unit is carried out under a contract made between Rosenergoatom Concern JSC and Baltiysky Zavod — Sudostroyenie LLC in 2012. A hull and superstructures were completed in 2015, equipment and process systems are being assembled.
Preparation is underway for the next stage of the floating power unit construction — harbor testing, programs and methods for delivery and acceptance testing have been developed.
The Concern is hiring and training the FTNPP operating personnel. The general engineering contractor Atomenergo CJSC completed design and survey work and finalized the preparation of design documents for the FTNPP onshore and hydraulic facilities in Pevek, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. According to the design documents examination results, a favorable conclusion of Glavgosekspertiza State Expert Evaluation Department was obtained in April 2015.
In September 2015, pre-construction work started at the FTNPP onshore and hydraulic facilities construction site in Pevek.
Accomplishment of the onshore and hydraulic facilities construction, the floating power unit transportation to Pevek, and the FTNPP commissioning are scheduled for 2019.
The Far East is becoming one of the key development regions for the Russian nuclear power industry. The FTNPP project in Pevek will prove a high potential of such nuclear power plants use in other countries of the world. There is a growing interest to such plants abroad, particularly in China. Showcasing and certification of mobile nuclear power complexes on the basis of the existing prototype plant are needed in order to promote FTNPPs.
Taking into account aggressive expansion of Rosatom State Corporation in the international markets, one of the Concern's priorities is introduction of intellectual property and its efficient use, which is also another condition for efficient spending of the Concern’s own funds intended for R&D, and prevention of R&D redundancy.
With a view to increase the share of intellectual product in the final value of research and development activity results, it is planned to take regular measures to create and identify potentially protectable intellectual property (continuous technology audit).
In 2015, the Concern introduced an information system for intellectual property rights management (ISIPRM). The system creates a single information medium for intellectual property rights management within the nuclear power industry. The ISIPRM integrates all processes and procedures for intellectual property management, applied in the nuclear power industry, and stipulated by the applicable laws and local regulations of Rosatom State Corporation.
The ISIPRM provides online processing of all industry-level protectable intellectual property, as well as access to basic information about intellectual property, and various documents (patents, certificates, notifications, official correspondence), contracts related to intellectual property.
The purpose of intellectual property rights commercialization is to assist in enhancing competitive power and creating conditions for sustainable development, achievement of goals and objectives in innovative and technology development, including target indicators of innovative development projects by means of improving the mechanisms for intellectual property rights creation and management.
Considering the strategic interests of Rosatom State Corporation, the Concern started legal protection of intellectual property abroad (two PCT applications filed for international patents).
During implementation of the program for shaping a knowledge management system of Rosatom State Corporation in 2012-2015, the Concern created a nuclear knowledge management system (KMS).
Instruments are created to collect, store, and share knowledge, both formalized (through databases, information storages, etc.) and nonformalized (through expert institutions, expert directories, mentoring systems, professional network communities, etc.).
The Concern’s KMS is based on a full life cycle of knowledge from idea inception to its commercialization, thus creating the infrastructure for its innovative development, enhancement of scitech activity efficiency, and intellectual property management: knowledge elicitation, knowledge formalization, intellectual property identification and protection, technology transfer.
Instruments are elaborated and developing within the following modules:
KMS RESULTS IN 2015:
In 2015, we worked in three main areas: IT infrastructure, information security, and applicable information systems. Close attention was paid to the IT Transformation Program execution: introduction of SAP ERP, SAP HCM, SAP SRM, Unified Industry-Wide Electronic Document Management System, etc., deployment of Division-level programs for developing IT support of industrial processes, capital construction processes, distributed IT infrastructure, and typical DPCs.
In 2015, we upgraded and commissioned nodes of the Corporate Data Transfer Network at eight NPPs, allowing to increase the throughput of main NPP connection channels to 10 MBps. Typical data processing centers were assembled and commissioned at the Beloyarsk, Kalinin, and Kursk NPPs. The Headquarters and eight NPPs introduced a system for technical support of users on the HP Service Manager platform. Supplies were received, and operations were started to deploy a system of virtual desktops at the Headquarters.
The Concern continued working on the upgrade of the integrated system of information security according to the guidelines of the Russian Federal Service for Technical and Export Control, and the Industry-Level Requirements for Information Security. The Concern initiated and accomplished development (updating) of organizational and administrative documents, guidelines, and regulations related to information security. The firewall system modernization was continued in order to protect the corporate network from cyberthreats. We ensured operation and upgrading of antivirus tools, and unauthorized access protection tools. The Concern Headquarters and operating NPPs upgraded the system of cryptographic protection of video and conference call channels. Monitoring, analysis, and review of the information security incidents are carried out on a regular (weekly) basis.
APPLIED INFORMATION SYSTEMS
The resource management system functionality (SAP ERP) was improved and put into pilot operation at the Headquarters, Capital Projects Implementation Branch Office, Balakovo, Leningrad, Novovoronezh, and Rostov NPPs. SAP ERP replication at all branches of the Concern is scheduled for 2016–2017.
The automated personnel information management system (APIMS) was introduced at the Balakovo NPP, its replication was started at the Novovoronezh, Rostov, and Smolensk NPPs. The system replication at all branches of the Concern — operating NPPs, and Moscow branches (FTNPP, Technology Branch Office, Sci-Tech Center for Emergencies) is scheduled for 2016.
The information subsystem for supporting qualification on labor protection, rules for operation, maintenance, and safety (hereinafter, ISSQ) was improved and put into commercial operation at the Balakovo and Leningrad NPPs. The subsystem is part of the Concern’s personnel management system in addition to its basic part — industry-level system for personnel management (APIMS). The ISSQ functionality development is planned for 2016–2017. The development will include storage and processing of historical personnel data of NPPs, replication of the APIMS (integrated with ISSQ) at all remaining NPPs.
Within the Program for Development and Implementation of Automated System for Technical Documents Management (ASTDM), the ASTDM was created and deployed at the Leningrad NPP. ASTDM functionality is being developed, and the system is being introduced at all branches of the Concern.
Quantitative indicators of the ASTDM: at the Headquarters — all employees are using the system, 14,291 documents were created; at the Balakovo NPP — 1,477 users, and 82,920 documents and notifications; at the Leningrad NPP — 1,026 users, and 67,140 documents and notifications.
The basic functionality of the Innovative NPP Operation Support System was developed and commissioned in 2015 at the Smolensk NPP power units No. 1, No. 2, and No. 3, and the Novovoronezh NPP power unit No. 5.
The Integrated System for Centralized Operation Planning and Production Management was commissioned at the Balakovo, Smolensk, and Kalinin NPPs, and at the Headquarters (pilot commercial operation at the Rostov and Kursk NPPs). Implementation of the Integrated System is scheduled for 2016 at another four NPPs of the Concern. The implemented functionality provides for data collection, storage, transmission, calculation, analytical functions, and display of information about the current status of NPPs. It facilitates operation with 2,000–2,500 process parameters with their collection and storage at the NPP level, as well as all these parameters transmission to the Concern’s Crisis Center. In addition to the option of data transmission from the NPP level to the level of the Headquarters, the platform permits organizing data transmission from the Headquarters to NPPs.
A prototype automated system for maintenance and repair management was developed at the Smolensk NPP. The system is planned for implementation at the Smolensk NPP branches and fully-fledged development at the Balakovo NPP.
Key educational areas in 2015:
The demand for ‘nuclear power plants: design, operation, engineering’ grew if compared to 2014.
Taking into consideration power units construction abroad, it is planned to increase the order for education of specialists at Russian universities by more than two times. According to preliminary estimates, education of over 2,500 specialists will additionally be required by 2026.
A tutorship program is available in Rosenergoatom Concern, including mentoring. Among the goals are adjustment of employees, ensuring succession of generations, and assisting in development of professional and managerial competences among the employees.
A mentor chosen from among highly skilled employees is assigned to every newly employed young specialist and trainee. The mentor helps young specialists during their on-boarding period, transfers the knowledge necessary for the specialists to carry out their work, and monitors performance of assigned tasks.
In 2015, a mentoring program was available for the members of the managerial talent pool. Mentoring is applied to high potential employees with a view to create development opportunities and unveil their leadership abilities. Veteran employees play an important role in knowledge transfer. The Concern has an agreement with the Interregional Public Organization of Concern’s Veteran Employees (IPOCVE) on the social protection of veterans (pensioners), which provides, among other things, for transfer of expertise and knowledge to the young generation of employees, and education of the youth in the spirit of patriotism and continuation of the Concern’s glorious labor traditions (detailed information on the veterans movement can be found in Section 3.10).
As part of education and awareness related activities among the population and general public, special educational projects are implemented, such as the Nuclear Academy for Children (Kola NPP), Kurchatov Public Readings for Children (Beloyarsk NPP), and Today’s Fiction is Tomorrow’s Reality (Kalinin NPP) addressed to schoolchildren and students.
These include a unique project called Atom Classes and implemented in the Concern’s areas of presence as part of the civic educational initiative Rosatom’s School. The project provides for complete re-equipment of physics classrooms in schools with advanced equipment and devices, including interactive multimedia and special tool kits for laboratory and science experiments.
Four new Atom Classes were opened in 2015: in Balakovo (Lyceum No. 1, and Lyceum No. 2), Desnogorsk (Secondary School No. 3), Polyarnye Zori (Secondary School No. 4).
In 2016, we are planning to open such classes in the towns of Udomlya and Bilibino, develop interaction with specialized universities, organize training for teachers, and upgrade equipment in the opened classes.